Source: China News Network
The feed industry system is going green, modern breeding is going green, and the utilization of manure resources is going green.
Animal husbandry is quickly turning to green development (Observation of Rural Economy)
Our reporter Yu Jingxian
At present, my country’s livestock product market is adequately supplied, and the per capita share of meat and eggs has reached the level of developed countries. However, while livestock and poultry breeding is moving towards large-scale and intensive, it is also facing an unreasonable industrial structure, high environmental pressure, and insufficient product innovation capabilities. Wait for the challenge, how to crack it?
After 40 years of development, my country has become the world’s largest feed producer. In 2017, my country’s industrial feed output exceeded 200 million tons, ranking first in the world for seven consecutive years, with an annual output value exceeding 800 billion yuan. The advancement of the feed industry from big to strong and from big to excellent is promoting the transformation of feed supply. From the perspective of the overall situation of rural revitalization, the booming and high-quality development requirements are driving the transformation of the livestock and poultry breeding industry.
The feed industry is big but not strong, and big but not good——
calls for the construction of a green forage production, processing and management system
Although my country’s feed industry has made great achievements, the situation of big but not strong and big but not good has not been fundamentally reversed. This outstanding problem faced by the feed industry is manifested as an unbalanced development in the industry and as insufficient performance in terms of industrial functions. Li Defa, chairman of the China Feed Industry Association and academician of the Academy of Engineering, made this analysis at the 2018 China Feed Industry Exhibition.
To promote the high-quality development of the feed industry, it is necessary to strengthen the ability to guarantee green feed materials. The demand for green feed raw material guarantee capacity has been expanding. At present, my country directly uses 40%-50% of raw grains every year, transforming 230 million tons of energy feed such as corn. Pan Wenbo, deputy director of the Plant Management Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that although corn is used as an energy feed, although there are alternative varieties, the replacement ratio is limited. At present, the supply of corn is oversupply in stages, but in the long run, the supply and demand situation is still tight due to the upgrading of the consumption structure and the demand for deep processing of corn.
In recent years, my country has vigorously promoted the reform of grain and feed, encouraged the use of fixed crops, the combination of grass and livestock, and promoted the adjustment of grain planting structure. However, from the perspective of the feed raw material supply structure at this stage, soybeans, which are protein feeds, are still highly dependent on imports. Li Defa suggested that it is necessary to promote “grain conversion to beans”, increase the planting area and output of domestic soybeans, enhance the production capacity of soybeans and other protein feed materials, and make up for the shortcomings of protein feed materials; at the same time, continue to expand the scale of food reform and guide the development of whole-plant silage corn , Alfalfa and other high-quality forage production.
A modern green production and management system for feed must be established. First of all, it is the green production of feed material supply links. Pan Wenbo said that only the supply of green raw materials, green production and processing and the supply of operating systems can ensure the green growth of the feed industry’s development mode. It should be noted that there are still some problems in the quality of feed ingredients in our country. According to Li Defa, since the scale of my country’s planting industry is not high enough and there are many raw material production and sales links, some raw materials of insufficient quality are still inevitable. To this end, it is necessary to focus on the feed processing and production links, develop environmentally friendly, economical, and safe new feeds and feed additives, and focus on the research and development and promotion of advanced and suitable feed preparation technology, feeding and feeding modes and automated intelligent equipment for small and medium farmers, relying on technology The three supporting facilities of, technology and facilities promote the development of modern animal husbandry by small farmers.
Secondly, it is the cost-saving and efficiency-increasing of the feed industry management system. Jiang Wei, director of the Dalian Commodity Exchange, said that according to statistics, feed accounts for more than 70% of the production cost of the aquaculture industry and is the main input. With the gradual advancement of grain procurement and storage methods to marketization, and with the further deepening of the participation of financial instruments, the ability of feed companies to resist raw material price risks will be further strengthened. Through rational use of over-the-counter options, insurance + futures, basis trading, etc., the transaction price is determined in advance to avoid market fluctuation risks, so that the purchase of feed companies becomes more stable, orderly and more secure.